Adult Vision-3Adult Vision: 60 and Over

The incidence for eye disease increases as our eye ages making annual eye examinations more important than ever. Certain systemic conditions such as diabetes and hypertension can put a person at a greater risk for vision loss due to retinal disease. In fact diabetic retinopathy is one of the leading causes of blindness in Americans over 35. This is caused by progressive damage to the tiny blood vessels that provide nutrients to the retina. The vessels start to leak and cause bleeding and swelling to the retina, which can lead to blindness. In the early stages of the disease there are often no signs or symptoms.

Perhaps the most common condition to encounter in this age group is cataracts. Cataracts involve clouding of the crystalline lens of the eye and are most commonly associated with aging. Early or accelerated cataract formation is associated with certain medications, especially prolonged steroid use, as well as poor systemic health. Cataract surgery is one of the most common eye surgeries performed today and is almost always done on an outpatient basis. When the surgeon removes the cataract, a clear implant lens in put in place to restore vision. These implant lenses continue to advance in technology. We now have the ability to correct most astigmatism as well as nearsightedness and farsightedness through these implants allowing a number of patients to see clearly in the distance after surgery without glasses. Multifocal and accommodating implants are also being used more frequently to allow the added ability of reading after surgery without glasses.

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Adult Vision: 60 and Over